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Holiday-makers identity papers from the holiday service of the Federation of Free German Trade Unions (Freier Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, FDGB) from June, 1989.

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Opening of a new Ikuri supermarket, Tampere

Voiman uuden supermarketin avajaiset Tampereen Ikurissa....

Building the second pipe on Czechoslovak section of Brotherhood gas pipeline (1976)

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A schematic map of the most congested railway lines during Russian famine of early 1920s. Each block represents one stuck relief train.

A schematic map of the most congested railway lines during Russian famine of early 1920s. Each block represents one stuck relief train....

Portrayal of measures to build a telegraph station in the field for the French military. Etching.

Helikoptertrafikken kom til Norge med firmaet Helikopter Service, som ble grunnlagt i 1956. Tre helikoptre av typen 47J Ranger ble bestilt da firmaet følte seg trygge på oppdrag. Hovedaktiviteten i ...

Instrument for measuring wind speed (anemometer)

Windsnelheidsmeter in kistje (14 x 12 x 12,5 cm). Opschrift: N° 200, Neumann 16 Rue Godot de Mauroy PARIS Op het kistje: Anemomètre N° 200 V=0m,125 + 0m,1135 x n 0.125 + 0.1100 x n n indiquant le N...

The Rhine-Main-Danube connection through the ages. Canal cross-sections.

An illustration showing the expansion in size of canals connecting Central European Rivers, pointing also to the size of boats that can pass on the canal. The three stages shown are the Fossa Carolina...

The Führer visits Stuttgart April 1938

Cover of the journal Deutsche Wasserstrassen (German Waterways)...

Print of a Philips Radio advert.

This print comes from a Philips calendar from around the year 2000. The original image is from 1949. The image symbolizes the radio bringing the whole world into the sitting room. This image is an int...

Telephonic conversation USA-Mechelen via Telstar. Click here to view at EUScreen

A telephonic conversation between the Flemish city of Mechelen and the US city of Bay city in Michigan via the Telstar satellite. Greetings are exchanged in poor English....

Marga von Etzdorf (1907-1933) lying on her plane, cleaning the motor.

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Start of the Europa 2 - F11 Rocket. Kourou, French Guyana 5 November 1971

Minutes after this photo was taken, the first stage of the rocket detatched and the other two stages exploded....

Portretfoto Einstein, Albert

Deze foto is gemaakt in het huis van de Oostenrijks-Nederlandse natuur- en wiskundige Paul Ehrenfest in de Witte Rozenstraat te Leiden, waar Einstein vaak logeerde. Museum Boerhaave kreeg de foto van ...

Lásló Moholy-Nagy-Lichtspiel Schwarz-Weiss-Grau, 1933

’Lichtspiel Schwarz-Weiss-Grau’ is misschien wel László Moholy-Nagy’s bekendste filmwerk. Het toont het lichtspel van zijn ‘Licht-Raum Modulator’. ...

Radiolamp

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The Løken family on a trip, doctor Karl Løken driving the Ford Model T.

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Reclame poster lijnvluchten vanuit Engeland

Poster produced for the Southern Railways (SR) to promote daily train and air services between Heston Airport, London and the Isle of Wight, Hampshire, a journey which took 40 minutes. The poster show...

New gas compressor units at Yarkovo compressor station

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Refrigerator, 1935, Etna

The DEB (De Etna Breda) refrigerator works on the principle of rapid ammonia evaporation, which cools rapidly. It works as follows: To the right of the refrigerator is a cylinder, called the 'co...

First working transistor, 1947. Replica.

First working transistor, 1947. Replica. This is a replica of the first working transistor invented by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley at the Bell Laboratories. They discovered that...

Docenten in een bijscholingscursus met de Philips P2000 computer

Onderwijzers en onderwijzeressen van de NUTS Pedagogische Academie in Eindhoven maken in maart 1983 kennis met de onderwijsmogelijkheden van de Philips P2000 microcomputer. De in Oostenrijk ontwikkeld...

De bungalowset, agregaat op basis van sterlingmotor

Phillips Natlab en het Shell laboratorium in Delft ontwikkelde de ´bungalow set´ een compacte generator op basis een sterlingmotor. De stille en compacte motoren ontleende het vermogen aan het uitze...

iCat onderzoek aan de Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

Verschillende vakgroepen van de Technische Universiteit Eindhoven droegen bij aan het iCat onderzoek. De vakgroep Psychology of Human-Technology Interaction (IE&IS) onderzocht  iCat´s ideale persoon...

Spaarlampen

Deze spaarlampen worden door ieder gemiddeld gezin gebruikt in Nederland. De linker lamp werd standaard geleverd bij aankoop van een plafondlamp. Deze werkwijze is bedoeld om het gemiddelde huishouden...

iCat onderzoek aan de Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

Verschillende vakgroepen van de Technische Universiteit Eindhoven droegen bij aan het iCat onderzoek. De vakgroep Psychology of Human-Technology Interaction (IE&IS) onderzocht  iCat´s ideale p...

Docenten in een bijscholingscursus met de Philips P2000 computer

Onderwijzers en onderwijzeressen van de NUTS Pedagogische Academie in Eindhoven maken in maart 1983 kennis met de onderwijsmogelijkheden van de Philips P2000 microcomputer. De in Oostenrijk ontwikkeld...

First working transistor, 1947. Replica.

First working transistor, 1947. Replica. This is a replica of the first working transistor invented by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley at the Bell Laboratories. They discovered that...

Visitado do Presidente da Republica Oscar Carmona, 1936

Visitado do Presidente da República Óscar Camona, 1936 ...

Deutsches Museum. The Laying of the Foundation Stone on 13. November 1906

A painting by G. Waltenberger (1916). It shows the foundation stone ceremony of Deutsches Museum (Museum of Science and Technology) on 13. November 1906. The following persons were present: 1) Kaise...

Fungal Institute Baarn

Film over het Schimmel-instituut in Baarn waar oa prof. Westerdijk onderzoek deed. Uitgebreide shots van div. schimmels oa in reageerbuisjes, en van laboratoriumonderzoek en proeven, oa laborante die...

Portable CD-I 370 speler uit 1991, De 10" Apple en de 7" Samsung tablet.

Ondanks dat CD-I bij veel sceptici als een 'flop' gezien word, ben ik als ervaringsdeskundige een andere mening toegedaan. Ik heb vanaf 1986 tot 1995 bij vele congressen, b...

Fungal Institute Baarn

Film over het Schimmel-instituut in Baarn waar oa prof. Westerdijk onderzoek deed. Uitgebreide shots van div. schimmels oa in reageerbuisjes, en van laboratoriumonderzoek en proeven, oa laborante die...

Front page of a German journal on the occupation of Norway in 1940

Ein Bild, das viele Hertzmeldungen widerlegt: Gutes Einvernehmen in den Gebieten unter deutschem Schutz Eine heietere Unterhaltung zwischen einem norwegischen Mädchen und einem - tysk soldat...

Table: how densely populated have the Germans lived?

Tafel: "Wie dicht haben in Deutschland die Menschen gelebt?“ Demonstrationsmodell über Bevölkerungsdichte in Deutschland im Laufe der Jahrhunderte (aus der Sammlung „Technik im Bild“, Map...

First working transistor, 1947. Replica.

First working transistor, 1947. Replica. This is a replica of the first working transistor invented by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley at the Bell Laboratories. They discovered that...

Primo – the forerunner (Primo computer family)

Primo computer family The first Hungarian commercial (i.e. available to individuals) computer was the Primo, introduced in 1984, which was designed by the colleagues of the Computer Science and Autom...

Wire telegraphone, 1898

Stahldraht-Telegraphon von Poulsen, 1898. Quelle: Objektsammlungen des Deutschen Museums...

The Imperial Pavilion at the World Exhibition, Paris 1867

Der Kaiserliche Pavillon auf der Weltausstellung in Paris, 1867 (Holzschnitt). Quelle: L'Illustration, 1867, Bd. I, S. 300....

Print of a Philips Radio advert.

This print comes from a Philips calendar from around the year 2000. The original image is from 1949. The image symbolizes the radio bringing the whole world into the sitting room. This image is an int...

Architects' Congress (trailer)

Architects' Modern Congress, 1933: Moholy-Nagy's cinematic journal, which recorded the meeting of the CIAM (International Congress of Modern Architecture)  in August of 1933. The meeting was held on ...

From scrap to scrap

Bioscoopjournaals waarin Nederlandse onderwerpen van een bepaalde week worden gepresenteerd.;  Het vrachtschip Arabian Prince wordt naar een sloopbedrijf in Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht gesleept en gesloopt. ...

Deutsche Bahn (German railway compony) promoting InterRail "Inter-Rail. For everyone under 26. One month through 20 countries for 450,- DM" Picture: DB Museum Nuremberg

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Alberto Santos Dumont -Alberto Santos Dumont about the use of airplanes for war purposes. Quotes

Alberto Santos Dumont about the use of airplanes for war purposes. http://www.azquotes.com/author/32299-Alberto_Santos_Dumont...

Holiday-makers identity papers from the holiday service of the Federation of Free German Trade Unions (Freier Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, FDGB) from June, 1989.

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More

Stories

An association without a nation? The Verein Deutscher Eisenbahnverwaltungen

The growth of railways in the first half of the nineteenth century raised new questions about borders and rules. Nowhere were these questions more acute than in the numerous small states of Germany, ...

The end of the wonder drug?

When penicillin first came into use, the dosage for an adult with a serious infection was usually about three hundred thousand units, typically given only once as an oil-based injection. Over time, t...

Materializing quality: creating the 'concert of Europe' - literally.

To help create a way to broadcast across borders without interference, IBU engineers attempted to create an international broadcasting network that would allow for live transmission of events througho...

Imperial and national canals

The turn of the nineteenth century saw a rise in so-called 'economic nationalism.' Multinational Empires like Austria-Hungary, nations like France, and even non-sovereign nations like the Czech Kingd...

The Live Romanian revolution

On December 21, 1989, a carefully orchestrated media event surrounding Romanian leader Nicolae Ceausescu’s speech from the balcony of the Central Committee building showed the entire country the end...

Bringing your living room into the world?

In a recent study of car cultures, a German interviewee described his car as "a drivable living room" – not least because of the calming comfort of music from the car's music system. The role of ra...

Women encounter the empire

Tours of the colonies were often tales of the superiority of technology (and Europeans) over the colonial lands. Some wrote about their (potential) encounters as dangerous. Marga von Etzdorf told a n...

A museum without borders

The belief in universal scientific knowledge and neutral facts cannot be separated from questions about who has access to that knowledge and what should be done with it. The Austrian economist and so...

CERN: the new model for European co-operation

In response to the emerging situation in the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, two high-energy physicists, Pierre Auger from France and Edoardo Amaldi from Italy, proposed a j...

ESRO and ELDO: science vs. technology

The initial talks started by CERN scientists led to two international treaties in 1962: the European Launcher Development Organization (ELDO) and the European Space Research Organization (ESRO). As it...

Europa 2 as collection of national projects

For the countries that did eventually build the first rockets under the European Launcher Development Organization (ELDO), there were clear advantages to co-operation. Among other things, this meant ...

Europe goes up with a bang

On November 5, 1971, Flight F11, the launch of the proudly-named Europa 2, took place at Kourou, French Guiana (South America) - and two and a half minutes after take-off, it exploded. This multi-nat...

The unfinished Symphonie

The failure of ELDO, the European program to develop its own launcher, did not stop European development toward space. Besides launchers, European firms had also been busy developing satellite techno...

From traders to producers: the textile industry comes to Norway

After its own ‘industrial revolution’ in the 18th Century, Great Britain had kept its position as an exporter of goods by barring both industrial workers and industrial machines from leaving the c...

Machines on the move: Manchester goes European

Machinery for spinning and weaving cotton were mostly made in Great Britain and exported to foreign countries. Halvor Schou cooperated with different British machinery makers and building constructor...

British workers in Norwegian industry

The industrialization of Norway in the middle of the 19th Century was carried out to a great extent by foreigners teaching domestic craftsmen and operators to run the machinery. The historian Kristin...

The unified computer system

In 1968 the Soviet Union’s Premiere, Aleksey Nikolayevich Kosigin (1904-1980), sent a letter to the leaders of the socialist countries proposing a new collaboration system. At the suggestion of Kos...

Light town forever

Initially, Philips made Eindhoven the global center of light bulb production. By 1980, Eindhoven had again moved to the margins of what had become an European light bulb production infrastructure, tra...

NatLab: A transnational center for research

Shortly after its establishment in 1914, the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (NatLab) became part of an international science network. In the spring of 1923, Albert Einstein, who had received the N...

Strijp S in transition

Philips’ slow retreat from Eindhoven was visible in the city’s landscape. Strijp S, the Philips factory district built in the 1920s, was seen as the symbol of Eindhoven the company town. The distr...

Between Brussels and Shanghai: Industry, technology, and arts

Eindhoven became a place where artists, entrepreneurs, and designers from Europe and beyond connected technology and industry with design and arts. In 1936, Henri van Abbe, a wealthy entrepreneur who...

Brainport: The Eindhoven region’s “eco-innovation system”

Over the last few decades, the Eindhoven region has been redesigned. Concepts such as “The High-Tech Campus” and “Brainport” have positioned the region as a knowledge-intensive hub within the ...

Altijd een lichtstad

Eindhoven werd door Philips een wereldspeler op het terrein van de gloeilampenproductie en later de thuisbasis van een wereldwijd elektronicaconcern. De elektrische lamp ontwikkelde zich tot de voorn...

NatLab: centrum voor transnationaal onderzoek?

Kort na haar oprichting in 1914, werd het Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (NatLab) onderdeel van een internationaal wetenschapsnetwerk. In de lente van 1923 bezocht Albert Einstein, die in 1921 de ...

Strijp S in transitie

Philips vertrek uit Eindhoven was zichtbaar in het beeld van de stad. Strijp S, de in de jaren twintig door Philips gebouwde industriewijk, was het symbool voor Eindhoven company town. Tegenwoordig m...

Het laboratorium: een nieuw fenomeen

In de negentiende eeuw rezen overal in Europa laboratoria als paddenstoelen uit de grond. Thema’s in de natuurwetenschappen en de geneeskunde dreven verder uit elkaar tot beiden geheel verschillend...

Als jongvolwassene: Europa in

In 1884 was het in Nederland nog niet mogelijk om naar andere steden te bellen, vanwege de afstand die nog niet overbrugt kon worden. In België daarentegen, werd dat jaar de eerste hoofd telefoonlijn...

Copying the Eiffel Tower

World exhibitions were a platform for European countries to demonstrate their progress and accomplishments to other nations. For engineers, these exhibitions had a greater purpose: to exchange knowled...

National icons by international engineers

In countries where nationalist feelings did prevail, the regimes used engineers for the creation of national symbols, while these engineers often were inspired by other European icons.  In Portugal, ...

Marconi, the Italian hero?

As the inventor of the wireless telegraph, Guglielmo Marconi is often depicted as an Italian hero, while he actually was more focused on a large amount of international activities.Born in Italy in 187...

Eerste tunnel door de bergen brengt Midden-Europa bij elkaar

De gewaagde bouw van één van de eerste tunnels in Europa zorgde voor een snelle verbinding  tussen het noordelijke- en zuidelijke deel van Europa. Zowel een ploeg in Zwitserland als in Italië bego...

Het spoor naar het glorieuze Frankrijk

Met het ontstaan van de Southern Railway in het Verenigd Koninkrijk werd toerisme in verder gelegen gebieden in Europa aantrekkelijk en betaalbaar voor een grotere groep inwoners.Met de samensmeltin...

Dagtripjes aan de overkant van de zee

De Eurostar verbinding door de kanaaltunnel maakte het voor recreërende Europeanen makkelijker de zee over te steken en bracht de cultuur van het Verenigd Koninkrijk een stap dichter bij de rest van ...

Op reis met trein en rugzak

Het reizen met alleen een rugzak als baggage, ook wel backpacking genoemd, is vooral na 1960 populair geworden en is sindsdien een vorm van recreëren die erg populair is onder jongeren.Backpacking is...

Across the Borders

Just for almost two decades the biggest part of Europe can be reached easily and quickly without border delays by using the Euroroute network.As stated in the second story, only the higher levels of t...

Europe to be explored by everyone

Transnational road usage has grown immense in the first half of the past century, increasing tourist flows resulted in large traffic jams. [1]Since the mass production of cars started around 1905 [2],...

Same European rules, different national signing.

Although international rules are applied to the road signs in all Europe, not all E-road signs are equal throughout Europe. Europa has not yet succeeded in creating  a uniform E-road identification.T...

Energiek Europa

De liberalisering van de elektriciteitsmarkt heeft geleid tot de europeanisering van energiebedrijven, wat de duurzaamheid van de Europese energiesector ten goede is gekomen.In de jaren ‘80 was er e...

Connecting the dots

To make efficient use of renewable energy, an EU-wide internal market is needed.Prior, only regional coupled networks and markets existed. To overcome the issues that were still present with these reg...

Croydon, de opstap naar Europa

Engeland kreeg , als een eiland  omringd door water, via de opkomst van de luchtvaart een nieuwe kans erbij om zich beter te verbinden met Europa.Engeland was rond 1915 enkel verbonden met Europa via...

Schiphol in 1921: Een glimp van de toekomst?

Op het eerste gezicht lijkt de Europese luchtvaart in de jaren 1910 en 1920 ontwikkeld te zijn om imperia te versterken, met als Nederlandse hoogtepunt de verbinding met Nederlands-Indië. Maar naa...

Duitsland stijgt op uit de as

Het is verrassend dat de commerciële internationale luchtvaart binnen Europa in de jonge jaren gedomineerd werd door Duitsland. De voormalige vliegtuigontwikkelaar, het Duitse leger, dat als verlie...

De Havilland Comet, dé kortdurende trots van de Britten

Na de Tweede Wereldoorlog was Europa verdeeld en had grote economische schade, maar Groot-Brittannië herpakte zich snel en richtte zich op de eerste commerciële jet. Groot-Brittannië ging samen met...

Supersonisch passagierstransport met de ‘Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde’

Door de samenwerking tussen Groot-Brittannië en Frankrijk is het mogelijk geweest om de Concorde te bouwen.De kosten om ’s werelds eerste supersonische passagiersvliegtuig te ontwerpen waren erg ho...

The power of the people against nuclear power; das KKW in Wyhl

In the 1970's Germany the state was intensively investigating nuclear energy and planning several plants in order to live up to the growing demand for energy. Kernkraftwerk Wyhl was the first of nine ...

ITER: Creating New Energy In Europe

In 2005, after a long discussion, the members of the international ITER-project decided to build ITER in Cadarache (France), which meant that Europe became the center of the research on the nuclear re...

The pipeline to unification

Over the last century the development of piping technology made Europe more dependent on international cooperation and regulations. Due to industrial developments in WWII it became possible to produce...

Profiting from neutrality

The war changed relations on the X-ray market between Europe and the United States, but also within Europe. New products freed the way for new dynamics. An example was the Philips light bulb factory i...

X-raying Europe in 3D

Experiences on the battlefields inspired radiologists to develop a new and three-dimensional X-ray technique. By taking several X-ray images of the wounded from different angles, bullets and other pr...

Pioneering with PCs

Philips became a personal computer pioneer somewhat unexpectedly, partially because of primary and secondary school education programs in the 1980s that focused on a new information society.   While...

Mega-chipping Eindhoven

Philips’ participation in the European mega-chip project ended with a drastic reorganization that reshaped its home base of Eindhoven and opened the doors for new high-tech companies such as ASML. ...

Personified environments

What needs do people have and how can their interaction with technology be improved? Slogans like ‘Let’s make things better’ and ‘Innovation & You’ reflect Philips’ growing customer-o...

Toevallig pionieren met PC’s

Bij toeval werd Philips personal computer pionier. Ondanks een bescheiden Europese afzetmarkt onder meer in het basis- en middelbaar onderwijs, smoorde internationale concurrentie deze ontwikkeling in...

Gepersonifieerde omgevingen

Wat zijn de menselijke behoeften en hoe kan de interactie tussen mens en technologie worden verbeterd? Let´s make things better, Sense & Simplicity en Innovation & You. Deze slogans tonen de...

Pioniers in microbiologie

Aan het einde van de negentiende eeuw waren een aantal toonaangevende onderzoekers ervan overtuigd dat wetenschappers de beginselen van het leven moesten onderzoeken. In Frankrijk deed Louis Pasteur ...

De wereld in je huiskamer

Eind jaren 1920 en begin jaren 1930 werden dagelijkse radio-uitzendingen meer en meer een geïntegreerd onderdeel van het dagelijks huishouden, vooral bij de hogere en middenklassen. Daarmee werden t...

Een nieuw Europa en nieuwe radioknoppen

Na de Tweede Wereldoorlog moesten radioproducenten omgaan met een nieuw radiolandschap en een nieuw politiek landschap. Met het nieuwe verdeelde Europa, kregen de verschillende vormen van internation...

De wereld in je huiskamer?

In een recente studie naar autoculturen, beschrijft een Duitse geïnterviewde zijn auto als een ‘rijdende huiskamer’ - niet in het minst door het kalmerende effect van muziek uit zijn auto’s muz...

Creating national treasures

By the end of the nineteenth century, many governments in Europe had built iconic infrastructures to enhance their national unity and create a strong image amongst other European nation-states. The...

Telegraphing peace

Engineer, inventor and entrepreneur Guglielmo Marconi might be considered the ultimate myth of the national engineer. Born in Italy in 1874, Marconi grew up in an international elite environment. He ...

Reprocessing Plant at La Hague

The reprocessing plant of La Hague is a truly transnational entity. It collects and re-distributes nuclear waste from various European countries. It became operational in 1966 and was initially design...

Products of the Reprocessing Plant

One important material component of nuclear waste management is a glass coquille designed to seal the heat producing nuclear waste. In reprocessing plants like the one in La Hague non reusable materia...

The Castor

The CASTOR, (Cask for Storage and Transport of Radioactive Material) is a trade mark name of the German Gesellschaft for Nuclear Service. It is a cask designed by this company for storing and transpor...

Rail Tracks near Gorleben

For most of the distance the CASTOR travels from France to Germany, it is mounted on freight train cars that move excruciatingly slow through the countryside towards Gorleben. Gorleben is a small vill...

Exploration Mine Shaft Tower

Gorleben became a temporary nuclear waste depository site because the initial plan was to build both a reprocessing plant and a final depository in the huge salt dome that lies beneath. However, in 19...

Yellow X

In the region surrounding the nuclear waste deposit near Gorleben, the yellow cross is a symbol of protest. It is X-shaped because it refers to the dreaded “day X”, the date nuclear waste ...

QWERTY

Ever wondered where the name QWERTY keyboard comes from? Maybe you noticed already that on these types of keyboards the first letters are QWERTY, which explains the name. Actually, on the first keyboa...

What is the difference?

There was a lot of innovation with the computer, for instance in 1971 with the Philips P-1400. This computer enabled several users to use the computer at the same time. But when we look at the keyboar...

Keyboards are everywhere

Keyboards are everywhere, although now they have changed into smaller keyboard but also the old-fashioned keyboards are still used. Mobile phones have a keyboard, the picture shows a mobile phone of P...

De uitvinding van een geheel nieuw soort materialen

In 1907 vond Leo Baekeland, een Belgische chemicus die in New York werkte, de kunststof ‘bakeliet’ uit. Dit was een kunsthars van fenol en formaldehyde – de eerste volledig synthetis...

Nieuw isolerend materiaal in vele vormen

Bakelite overtrof in zijn gebruikseigenschappen alle tot dan toe gebruikelijke halfsynthetische materialen. Doordat er kon worden uitgegaan van simple chemikaliën in plaats van soms schaarse natu...

Traditionele werkstoffen

Door de eeuwen heen zijn mensen altijd op zoek geweest naar vervormbare werkstoffen, die na de vormgeving stevig en draagkrachtig gemaakt konden worden.  Klei is wel de oudste van deze materialen...

Philite - het bakeliet van Philips

Philips was de eerste onderneming in Nederland die bakeliet ging verwerken. Zij startte in 1923 met het handpersen van bakelieten onderdelen voor de radio- en elektrotechniek. Omdat het woord 'bak...

Communicating the city

While the First World War created a nationalistic atmosphere among intellectuals and scientists, it also triggered far-reaching visions of preventing a new catastrophe by improved international coll...

Expertise with a Cause

During the Interwar years, sociologist Otto Neurath’s ideas of facilitating collaboration amongst architects became a core vision of the Congrès Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne (CIAM). ...

Experts of the Media

The changing nature of the role of experts in politics and society, as well as their ideas, caught the media’s attention, which coincided with the experts’ vision of their own importance. Debat...

Expertise and Politics

With the rise of totalitarian regimes following the First World War, the relationship between experts and politics became increasingly strained. Striving after a say in politics forced experts to q...

Changing Society through Technology

Industrialized housing construction, that is, the use of prefabricated building modules, was more than a technological approach to building; rather, it was envisioned as the key to realizing a bette...

Unmaking the Functionalist City

The immense success of the CIAM way of planning after 1945 proved a double-edged sword. The idea of the functional city with its separation of housing, transport, work and leisure had seemed a blue...

The spread of a hideous disease in Europe

In the 1950s and 1960s, people in Europe faced a major problem: the spread of a hideous disease that did not stop at national borders. A common European solution had to be found.The disease was one wh...

''We'll go to Germany, we'll see what happens...''

In the 1960s, the director of CERN, Viktor Weisskopf (referred to as ‘’Viki’’ by his colleague, Sydney Brenner, in the recording), suggested building an international laborator...

Kendrew vs. Waddington: European Integration or fragmentation?

John Kendrew, a famous biochemist, supported Viki's idea of creating a European laboratory and lobbied very actively to realise it. He can be identified as the driving force behind the idea of an ...

De Gaulle says 'Non' to Britain (and a European laboratory)

Waddington was not the only obstacle to the creation of a European laboratory. Kendrew also found it difficult to gain support for his idea from other countries in Europe as Britain – his countr...

EMBL's Nobel Prize Winners

EMBL’s arguably greatest success is Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard's groundbreaking discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development. She was rewarded, together wi...

EMBL in retrospect: the solution to scientists' problems in Europe?

In conclusion, EMBLwas the solution to many of the problems encountered by scientists in Europe. Thanks to EMBL’s institutional birth in 1974, the research field of molecular biology is now suff...

Introducing sleeping cars to Europe: Nagelmackers' vision

Georges Nagelmakers was Belgian engineer and the founder of the first transnational train service in Europe.Born into a family of bankers in Liege with interests in railway service and close ties...

Leaving Moscow for Paris? East-West connections in the course of time

The division of Europe into west and east during the Cold War left its mark also on the transnational railway links. Depending on the concrete political situation and on different agree...

Aviation experiments around the globe

The new infrastructure of communication technologies developed in the 19th century, e.g. telegraphs, enabled the flow of information.Due to the fascination aviation evoked in people the smallest steps...

Die Verbreitung einer scheußlichen Krankheit in Europa

 In den 50-iger und 60-iger Jahren, sah sich Europa mit einem großen Problem konfrontiert: Die Verbreitung einer abscheulichen Krankheit, die vor nationalen Grenzen keinen Halt machte. Eine...

,,Gehen wir mal nach Deutschland und schauen, was passiert…‘‘

 In den 60-ger Jahren, schlug der Direktor von CERN, Viktor Weisskopf (genannt ‘‘Viki‘‘ von seinem Kollegen, Sydney Brenner, in der Audio-Aufnahme), im Bereich der Molekul...

Kendrew vs. Waddington: europäische Integration oder Fragmentierung?

John Kendrew, ein berühmter Biochemiker, unterstützte Viki’s Idee, ein europäisches Labor zu bauen und betrieb sehr aktiv Lobbyismus, um seine Idee zu verwirklichen. Er kann ident...

De Gaulle sagt ,,Non‘‘ zu Groß Britannien (und einem europäischen Labor)

Waddington stellte nicht das einzige Hindernis für die Erschaffung eines Europäischen Labors dar. Kendrew fand es ebenfalls schwer, Unterstützung für seine Idee von anderen Lä...

EMBL’s Nobel Preis Gewinner

EMBL’s gößter Erfolg sind Christiane Nüsslein-Vollhards‘ bahnbrechender Entdeckungen bezüglich der genetischen Kontrolle frühembryonischer Entwicklung. Ihr wurde,...

EMBL rückblickend: die Lösung für die Probleme der Wissenschaftler in Europa?

Schlussfolgernd ist zu sagen, dass EMBL sich als die Lösung schlechthin für die Probleme der Wissenschaftler in Europa herausgestellt hat. Dank der institutionellen Geburt EMBL’s 1974,...

Molding in a new way

The first use of chocolate was in form of a drink. Yet he best known shape of chocolate, the chocolate bar was not invented until the nineteenth century. This signifies the point when chocolate was in...

Uses of chocolate-Festivities, Currency & Health

Already in the Mesoamerican history cacao was a part of rituals and burials, weddings, anniversaries and other festivities having a similar role as alcohol has in our society. Nowadays chocolate is in...

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